The very first attempts for making corrections in our appearance are dating back to the earliest times, and believe it or not, they were successful. As an example, we can give the Egyptian prosthetic toe that was not just aesthetic but also quite effective. Another good example comes from India in 800 BC, when doctors could adjust the nose shape, using the skin from the cheeks or the forehead.
The first information about sewage system goes back to 2600 BC in Mohenjo-daro, part of the Indus Valley civilization. Aa city sewer system and public toilets have also been available in Ancient Babylon, in Rome and in some Chinese cities. The huge engineering project in Rome was called Cloaca Maxima and that parts of it can be seen to this day.
Batteries were invented around 2500 BC. Everything started with the Baghdad Battery which was a ceramic pot with a copper tube and an iron rod inside that was able to create some voltage. Whether or not the Ancient Babylonians knew the method of galvanization is hard to say, yet they knew how to use the batteries
The first ever flamethrower weapon was invented around 420 BC and first used in the Battle of Delium. The ancient fire thrower, also known as the Greek fire, was a copper tube that could project a liquid combustible mixture. As buoyancy force was used compressed air or large bellows.
The first alarm clock was invented around 400 BC by Plato. The Greek philosopher used a water clock that could emit a sound signal and this signal reminded him that the time has come to begin the lectures. That alarm powered by water was later developed in Ancient Rome and the Middle East. The first mechanical striking clocks were invented in China around 8th century AD and were able to chime at a certain time of the day. These clocks came to Europe around 14th century
The modern robots had their prototypes in 323 BC. These were female figures mounted on the lighthouse on the island of Pharos. They turned and struck the bells at a regular time intervals during the day, while at night they made loud trumpeting sounds, thus warning the seafarers of the proximity of the shore. It was much later, around 17th and 18th century when clockwork mechanisms called automatons gained popularity in Western Europe. They looked like humans or animals and were able to perform various actions.
Ancient Greece is the place where automatic temple doors were invented. They were run by the oldest prototype of the steam engine. Called Hero’s aeolipile, it had a fire built on the altar, under which pipes with water were concealed. The steam activated a system of blocks connected to the doors, which resulted in illusion of magic, especially that it was only used by the priests.
You might be surprised to find out, but the vending machines were known back in the days of the Hero of Alexandria. At that time people could buy holy water for washing their hands in the temples. Once they deposited a coin into the device, it would put in motion the mechanism that issued a portion of water to the customer.
The odometer was invented by Archimedes of Syracuse. The instrument was used for measuring the distance traveled by a vehicle and it looked like a set of small wheels with numbers on them presening the length of the distance traveled as the vehicle moved. Similar device was also invented by Zhang Heng, a Chinese philosopher and scholar.
The same Chinese philosopher and scholar who invented the odometer, also invented the seismoscope – which was able to react to an upcoming earthquake. The device was a bronze ball with 8 tubes shaped as dragon heads, and falling into the mouth of a corresponding metal toad that sat under them, indicating the direction where the shocks were coming from.
The ancient computer or the Antikythera mechanism could track the movement of celestial bodies and could also predict solar and lunar eclipses. It was used to calculate the date of the start of the Olympic Games.
No, the object that the girl on this Ancient Greek funeral stele is holding in her hands looks like a modern laptop, but most probably that is just a jewelry box.
According to the belief, the sunglasses were invented by the Inuit as they had to protect their eyes from snow blindness, yet their sunglasses had no actual glass: they were walrus ivory goggles with narrow slits.
Thus, the first sunglasses with smoky quartz glass appeared around the 12th-century in China and their main aim was to hide the facial expression of the person and not to protect him against sunlight.
The façade of the 300-year-old New Cathedral of Salamanca, in Spain looks like a real astronaut. But did our ancestors really fly into space had meetings with aliens in spacesuits.
The truth was revealed when it became clear that the figure of the astronaut was added in 1992, during the restoration of the cathedral.
In a painting from 1933 by the Italian American artist Umberto Romano, the founder of the town Mr. Pynchon is standing in the center, giving orders. The painting shows a Native American man sitting and holding a rectangular object similar to a modern smartphone. May be that is all trick of the eyes, but who knows…