A client brought Okano an old, English-Japanese dictionary consisting of 1000 very worn pages.
Japanese Master Craftsman Nobuo Okano has been using his talent to restore old books for 30 years.
The client used the dictionary when he was young, and now wanted it restored so he could pass it on to his daughter.
The first step in restoration is cleaning the spine of the old tape and glue.
Included in the book were maps of English-speaking countries. They were heavily damanged, so Okano fixed them to new sheets of paper to support and preserve them.
Although there is a color difference in the old and new paper, this can prevent the maps from further degrading.
The most tedious and time-consuming part of the restoration is using tweezers to straighten the corners of every page.
To smooth out the creases, he applies a small amount of water then iron the corners straight.
He doesn't use a standard iron for the job; he has a special, very small one that won't overheat.
Like many of us, the owner penned something on the book in ink. In this case, he wrote his high school sweetheart's initials.
The faded colors on the edges are cut away using a heavy-duty paper cutter.
The pages are restored to their pristine condition.
To finish the restoration, the cover is replaced while keeping the original title.